Initially, our visitors will be able to enjoy the picturesque view of the park and growing trees, as it will take at least 15 years for them to reach a girth that allows to drill them and collect sap. Possibility to visit the park and see and hear about all the tree varieties already planted in the park is possible from late spring to early autumn. But participation in the process of collecting the sap - only after many years.
Canadian sugar maple
The first ones in the park where 100 sugar maples (Acer saccharum). The were planted in a way to form a 'sugar alley'. Their homeland is North America, where sugar maples are widely used to collect maple sap. It is the maple leaf that is the symbol of Canada. It is also featured in the Canadian flag.
Outdoor birch and bog birch
Then 200 Latvian outdoor birches (Betula pendula Roth) and 200 bog birches (Betula pubescens Ehrh) followed. Both of these types of birches are typical to the Latvian landscape. Visually, they are relatively easy to distinguish by the shape of the branches. The branches of the outdoor birch hang down, while the bog birch tend upwards.
On A small hillock in the southern part of the park there are about 100 black walnuts (Juglans nigra). Black walnut can reach 18 - 20 meters in length, it has round, about 5 cm wide fruits. Black walnut is native to North America and is suitable for growing in the central and western climates. The tree has green, 25-50 cm long and tufted leaves. The shell of the black walnut fruit is thick, difficult to break and the nut has a peculiar, sharp taste. In turn, the sap is as sweet as maple sap, only about 2-3 times less in amount. The lemon-nut flavor makes the sap distinctive and tasty.
Ordinary or Norwegian maple
There are 10 old common or Norwegian maples (Acer platanoides L.) along the side of the park. In the future we are going to plant another 100 of the same kind maples. Canadian sugar maple sap has a sugar content of about 3%, while ordinary maple sap has a lower sugar content of about 2%.
Creating this park is a kind of an endless process. New trees are being planted every year. In the spring of 2019, with the support of JSC Latvia's State Forests, we planted 50 silver maples (Acer saccharinum).
Green bark maple
In 2020 Green bark maple (Acer tegmentosum), Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), and Greek or Royal walnut (Juglans regia) were planted in the park.Green bark maple's natural habitat is mixed coniferous forests in the mountains of northeastern China, the Korean Peninsula, the Amur region and the coastal region of Russia. Now we will see how it grows in the flat and clayey countryside of Vidzeme. The tree grows up to 15 meters in height.
Yellow birch or Betula alleghaniensis originates in North America. One of the largest species of birch, can grow up to 25 meters, and live up to 150 years. The typical feature of this birch is the yellow bark . Widely used as timber. The North American Indians used it in healing, e.g. blood purification. Dishes and boats were made of wood and used in the construction of houses. They mixed yellow birch sap with sugar maple sap thus making a pleasant drink. Yellow birch is the official tree in the province of Quebec.
Greek or royal walnut
In turn, Greek walnut's natural habitat is the Balkans, Western Europe and Turkey. Walnut is a summer-green tree that reaches a height of 3-7 meters and a width of 3-4 meters. The leaves are green, compound, turn yellow in autumn. There are both female and male flowers on one tree. Self-fertile. Fertility is better if there is warm weather during flowering. Blooms in May, June.
In 2021 Himalayan birch (Betula utilis), Manchurian maple (Acer mandshuricum), Field maple (Acer campestre), Rock birch (Betula ermanii), and Ash-leaved maple (acer negundo) were planted in the park.
The Himalayan birch stands out with its white bark. It can grow up to 20 meters, although its height usually is between 9 and 12 meters. Also known for its healing properties. Extremely frost resistant.
Manchurian maple grows in Russia's Far East, North Korea, Northeast China, mountain forests, river valleys, along with other conifers and deciduous trees. Tall summer-green shrub or tree grows up to 10 (20) meters tall and 30 (60) cm in diameter. Overall frost resistant, but mostly browses can suffer from late frosts in spring and cold winters. Grows in sunny and partly shady places.
Field maple is a tree or a large shrub, up to 10 meters high with a rounded crown. Bark is dark brown to gray, ribbed, often with corky growths. New browses are yellowish brown and thin. Widespread in central and southern Europe.
Gray walnut (Juglans cinerea ) is common in the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. The specie is slow-growing, it can reach 75 years of age. Grows up to 20 meters. The bark of the tree is light gray. Walnuts are edible and the local natives have made butter-like oil from them, which has been used for various purposes. As long as the nuts are green and soft, they can be pickled. The syrup is made from the sap. Bark and nut shells used to be used to dye fabrics.
Chichibu birch (Betula chichibuensis) is common in Japan. It grows only in nature on the island of Honshu. Very rare, included in the International Red Data Book. In 1993, only 21 trees were found in the wild. The tree reaches a height of 8-10 meters. The reproduction of this species is ensured by the fact that the two trees must be next to each other for pollination to happen. This species of birch are now grown in many of the world's botanical gardens.
Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.)
Beech birch ( Betula grossa) i is spread in Japan. The tree was introduced to the West in 1896, but its cultivation is still not widespread. Summer green, up to 25 meters tall. The bark is dark brown to almost black, smooth for younger trees and cracked for older ones. Browses are bare, with sparse warts, yellowish-brown.
Birch-leaf maple (Acer tetramerum var. betulifolium)
Amur maple (Acer ginnala)
The tree is native to North-East Asia - from Mongolia to the Amur River valley. A small maple tree. Height: 6m; width: 3m. Excellent drought and cold resistance, good for trimming. Leaves are purple in autumn. A popular greenery plant, especially under power lines due to its small size.
Manchurian walnut or Tigernut (Juglans mandshurica)
In the wild, this tree grows in the Far East, in the lower reaches of the Amur, in the northern part of Manchuria. The tree is winter-hardy and can withstand even -30C. In Latvia, the Manchurian walnut tree has been cultivated since the end of the 19th century, and it is often found in our parks and gardens. The tree is truly gorgeous, especially in the spring, when it develops beautiful long, flowering branches. The tree is very fast growing, begins to flower at the age of 6-8 years and produces many germinating seeds. The walnut tree has very high-quality wood, which is used in carpentry and making musical instruments, while the bark is used for wickerwork, but from the shell of the nut, tannins and brown color are obtained. Different parts of the plant are also used in medicine, for example, furunculosis is treated with fresh leaves by applying them to wounds; a very delicious medicinal jam is made from the green nuts when they are not yet fully ripe, usually in June. The walnut tree cleans the air from dust because it contains the bactericidal substance juglone (it has the smell of iodine), so it is suitable for urban greenery. The phytoncides secreted by walnut leaves also repel pests such as mosquitoes. For this reason, the walnut tree is a good ally in the recreational area of the garden.
Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus)
Widespread in region from Central Europe to Western Asia. It grows to a height of 35m and lives up to 400 years. The crown forms a round shape. Wood is used for making musical instruments, furniture, wooden floors and kitchen utensils. It also makes good firewood.