Initially, visitors to the park will be able to enjoy the splendor of the growing trees, as it will take at least 15 years for them to reach a girth that allows them to drill and collect sap. It will be possible to visit the park and see tree varieties already this summer, but to participate in the process of collecting the sap - only after many years.
Canadian sugar maple
The first 100 sugar maples (Acer saccharum) were planted in the park to form a 'sugar alley'. Their homeland is North America, where sugar maples are widely used to collect maple sap. It is the maple leaf that is the symbol of Canada. It is also featured in the Canadian flag.
Outdoor birch and bog birch
This was followed by 200 Latvian outdoor birches (Betula pendula Roth) and 200 bog birches (Betula pubescens Ehrh). Both of these types of birches are typical of the Latvian landscape. Visually, they are relatively easy to distinguish by the shape of the branches. The branches of the outdoor birch hang down, while the bog birch tended upwards.
There are currently about 100 black walnuts (Juglans nigra) in the small hill. Black walnut can reach a length of 18 - 20 meters, it has round, about 5 cm wide fruit. Black walnut is native to North America and is suitable for growing in the central and western climates. The tree has green, 25-50 cm long and tufted leaves. The shell of the black walnut fruit is thick, difficult to break and the nut has a peculiar, sharp taste. In turn, the sap is as sweet as maple juice, only about 2-3 times smaller. The lemon-nut flavour makes the sap very tasty.
Ordinary or Norwegian maple
There are 10 old common or Norwegian maples (Acer platanoides L.) along the edge of the park. In the future we are going to plant another 100 of the same kind maples. Canadian sugar maple sap has a sugar content of about 3%, while ordinary maple sap has a lower sugar content of about 2%.
Creating a park is a kind of endless process. New trees will be planted every year. In the spring of 2019, with the support of the Latvijas Valsts Meži, we planted 50 silver maples (Acer saccharinum).
Green bark maple
In 2020, Acer tegmentosum, Betula alleghaniensis and Juglans regia were planted in the park.Green bark maple grows in mixed coniferous forests in the mountains of northeastern China, the Korean Peninsula, the Amur region and the coastal region of Russia. Let's see how it grows in the flat and clayey countryside of Vidzeme. The tree grows to a height of 15 meters.
Yellow birch or Betula alleghaniensis originates in North America. One of the largest species of birch, grows up to 25m, with a long life up to 150 years. The typical difference of this birch is the yellow bark . Widely used timber. The North American Indians used it in healing, e.g. blood purification. Dishes and boats were made of wood and used in the construction of houses. Mixing yellow birch sap with sugar maple sap you can get a pleasant drink. Yellow birch is the official tree in the province of Quebec.
Greek or royal walnut
Greek walnut's natural range is the Balkans, Western Europe and Turkey. Walnut is a summer-green tree that reaches a height of 3-7 m and a width of 3-4 m. The leaves are green, compound, autumn yellow. There are both female and male flowers on one tree. Self-fertile. Fertility is better if there is warm weather during flowering. Blooms in May, June.
In 2021 Himalayan birch (Betula utilis), Manchurian maple (Acer mandshuricum), field maple (Acer campestre) and rock birch (Betula ermanii), ash maple (acer negundo) were planted in the park.
The Himalayan birch stands out with its white bark. It can grow up to 20 meters, although its high usually is between 9 and 12 meters. Also known for its healing properties. Extremely frost resistant.
Manchurian maple grows in Russia's Far East, North Korea, Northeast China, mountain forests, river valleys, along with other conifers and deciduous trees. Tall summer-green shrub or tree grows up to 10 (20) m tall and 30 (60) cm in diameter. Overall frost resistant, but mostly shoots can suffer from late frosts in spring and cold winters. Grows in sunny places and in the half shadow.
Field maple is a tree or large shrub, up to 10 m high with a rounded crown. Bark dark brown to gray, ribbed, often with corky growths. New shoots yellowish brown, thin. Widespread in central and southern Europe.
Gray walnut (Juglans cinerea ) is common in the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. The specie is slow-growing, it can reach 75 years of age. Grows up to 20 m. The bark of the tree is light gray. Walnuts are edible and the local natives have made butter-like oil from them, which has been used for various purposes. As long as the nuts are green and soft, they can be pickled. The syrup is made from the sap. Bark and nut shells used to be used to dye fabrics.
Betula chichibuensis is common in Japan. It grows only in nature on the island of Honshu. Very rare, included in the International Red Data Book. In 1993, only 21 trees were found in the wild. The tree reaches a height of 8-10 m. The reproduction of this species is ensured by the fact that the two trees must be next to each other for pollination to happen. Many species of birch are now grown in many of the world's botanical gardens.
Beech birch ( Betula grossa) i is spread in Japan. The tree was introduced to the West in 1896, but its cultivation is still not widespread. Summer green, up to 25 m tall. The bark is dark brown to almost black, it is smooth for younger trees and cracked for older ones. Shoots bare, with rare warts, yellowish-brown.